Early Post War (Austerity) (1940S)

Roof Form

Hipped roof form, low-pitch, projecting bay to the facade.


Terracotta or concrete tiles to the roof, walls brick (veneer) or rendered, manganese brick to the windowsills, timber double-hung or steel-framed casement windows.

Facade Composition and Form

Freestanding houses with asymmetrical facade created by projecting bay. Modest entrance porch with cantilevered (flat) roof, or enclosed porch, sometimes an external chimney to the facade, window bays. Facade with horizontal ‘streamlined’ emphasis.


Tall, broad rectangular chimneys (usually singular) rendered or face brickwork. Sometimes a chimney to the facade, external to the wall. Modelled forms, such as ‘waterfall’ stacks in the streamlined Moderne style to later houses.


Simple ornamentation. If rendered, ornamental face brickwork in bands and often lozenge- shaped, exposed face brick at the base of the wall. Chimney with interesting design, such as waterfall chimneys with brown brick trim. Porches with cantilevered concrete roof, manganese brick sills, corner or ‘porthole’ windows.

The earliest post war houses (Austerity) have no applied ornament but rely on the contrast between different colours of bricks for visual interest, simple in design, generally with simple rectangular chimney.

Windows and Doors

Steel framed or timber picture windows in groups of three (one large window with narrow side panels) with a horizontal emphasis, large corner windows, small ‘porthole’ windows to later examples.


Medium to deep setbacks to allow for a front garden.


Generally simple, low masonry, brick or rendered walls (matching house), sometimes decorative brick capping, with mild steel gates, or low chain-link and metal pipe fence.