California Bungalows (1915 to 1940)

Roof Form

Early houses may have a hip-and-gable roof with prominent gable ends, later transverse gable (ridge parallel to street) and gable-fronted forms often with a secondary gable over the porch.  Wide eaves with exposed rafter ends, and deep porches, often with the roof extending from the main roof form. A steep-pitched roof can create an attic level, evident from windows to the gable ends or dormer windows.


Roof is clad with terracotta or cement tiles, or corrugated iron. Walls constructed of timber or brick (sometimes tuckpointed), timber details such as shingles, sections of roughcast render.

Facade Composition and Form

Free standing, asymmetrical composition, horizontal emphasis and wide gable ends. Deep veranda and bay windows under the veranda or with skillion-profiled hoods. Verandas supported by large squat piers with balustrades.


Generally large red brick chimneys, external to the wall. Simple corbelling or just a soldier course at the top, sometimes rendered.


Timber shingles, or roughcast render and timber strapping (to reflect half timbering) to the gable ends.  Accents or bands of roughcast render to brick walls.  Large piers supporting the veranda often tapered, sometimes with roughcast render (also to the balustrade) or topped with timber posts. Leadlight to the windows and doors.

Windows and Doors

Casement or double hung sash windows, often with multiple panes to upper sash, bay windows with skillion-profile hoods.  Often box windows in a projecting timber frame.  Panelled doors with a high set window, or glazed doors with geometric patterns. Leadlight to windows, sidelights, glazing of the door, often with Art Nouveau or pictorial motives.


Medium to deep setback, allowing for a front garden.


Woven wire or chain mesh with timber posts and rails, simple timber pickets, sometimes low brick wall with mild steel ornament and gates.