Federation/Queen Anne style (1895 to 1910s)

Roof Form

Complex and steeply pitched hip and gabled roof form. Larger houses often with turrets, goblets and false dormers, multiple dominant chimneys. Low verandas [sometimes return] often an extension of the main roof form.


Roof and verandas clad with corrugated iron, slate or Marseilles tiles (for brick houses). Black talk pointed red brick or square edged weatherboard to the walls. Roughcast render (or pressed metal to imitate roughcast render) to Gable ends and bold horizontal bands. Gable ends also with timber strapping to mimic half timbering, or a decorative timber Truss work.  Veranda floor is timber, occasionally tiles, bluestone windowsills and plinth.

Facade Composition and Form

Asymmetrical and picturesque in form, freestanding larger houses have a diagonal emphasis and a complex roof form above a veranda, often with a gabled entrance porch. Projecting gabled bays are asymmetrical or at right angles to each other. Veranda supported by turned timber posts with timber capitals and fretwork.


Tall ornate brick chimneys, sometimes in fluted shapes, face brick often with band of roughcast. Cornice and terracotta pots.


House is clad with Marseilles tiles can have terracotta ridge capping to the roof with ornate terracotta finials.  Weatherboard notched to look like bands of shingles. Timber fretwork (often a ladder frieze plus brackets) to the veranda, Gable ends and sometimes the eaves. Picturesque leadlight. After 1905, ornamentation [particularly timber fretwork and leadlight detail] became more curvilinear, reflecting art nouveau principles.

Windows and Doors

Casement windows usually in groups of three or double hung windows with ornamental horns to sashes. Circular and arched windows, projecting bay windows, coloured glass or leadlight. Doors with three or four panels and bolection moulds, sometimes with fanlights. Glazing to the top third of the door.


Medium to deep set back allowing for a front garden.


Timber pickets, sometimes brick with decorative metal work.