Victorian Italianate (1870s to 1890)

Roof Form

Low-pitched hipped or M-hipped roof with a shallow convex profile to the veranda (not bullnosed), separate from the main roof form.


Slate (sometimes patterned) or corrugated iron to the roof, always iron to the veranda. Walls are weatherboard mock ashlar cladding (boards imitating stonework), polychrome brick, cement render. Timber boards or tessellated tiles to the veranda floor. The plinth threshold and windowsills may be bluestone.

Facade Composition and Form

Symmetrical or asymmetrical facade, single or double fronted and freestanding. Asymmetrical examples have projecting hip-roof bay, sometimes with a canted Bay window. Veranda usually supported by cast iron or timber columns with cast iron Corinthian capitals. Veranda may have a return portion. Large windows are double hung sashes, often with sidelights, sometimes with a round or segmentally arched head.


Rendered or polychrome brick with cornice moulds, generally placed symmetrically.


Cast iron lace to the veranda, deep cornices with moulding and brackets. Coloured or stained glass to window and door surrounds. Ornamental horns to the sash windows bolection moulds to the door panels. More ornate villas have cast cement stringcourses, mouldings to window head and surrounds and impost moulds, towers projecting from roof.

Windows and Doors

Heavy four-panelled door, sometimes glazed, fanlight and sidelights. Single or pairs of double hung sash windows, sometimes with sidelights. Bluestone threshold and windowsills.


Medium set back, usually allowing for a small garden.


Timber picket or cast-iron palisade fences on a stone plinth with end peers, and pedestrian gates.